Monday, August 29, 2016

First Mauritius - Rodrigues Flight, 13 September 1972

The first flight to Rodrigues operated by Air Mauritius was on 13 September 1972 by a Piper Navajo PA-31 leased from Air Madagascar.

This aircraft was the first Air Mauritius owned. Prior to that, it operated merely as a ground-handling agent for other airlines flying to Mauritius.

First Flight Cover handstamped upon arrival in Rodrigues on 13 September 1972 itself.

Source: Aviation History in Mauritius, 2014.

Technical Details:

Release date: 13 September 1972
Stamps: 10c – Theatre façade (from the 150th Anniversary of the Port Louis Theatre Issue of 26 June 1972)
             15c – Sea urchin, oursin (from the Marine Life Definitive Issue of 12 March 1969)

Friday, August 26, 2016

Centenary of the Ganga Talao Pilgrimage (1898-1998)

Ganga Talao is a natural lake located in Grand Bassin, Savanne district, in the Central Plateau.  It is an important place of worship for Hindus and a centre of pilgrimage especially during the Maha Shivaratree festival.

This lake of magnificent beauty with its pure, limpid water was chosen as a suitable site in connection with the Maha Shivaratree festival by a deeply religious priest of Triolet, Pamplemousses district, Pandit Jhummungeer Gossagne Napal, who officiated the first religious service at Ganga Talao.

According to existing records, a group of nine persons from Triolet led by Pandit Sajiwanlal Sharma undertook the first pilgrimage to Grand Bassin in 1898. It was a remarkable feat given that it took place under the harsh times of the Indenture system and without any proper access facilities to the Holy lake. The feat however ushered in a tradition which was to gather momentum and become a national event.

Every year now, between February and March (the exact date changes every year), pilgrims from all over Mauritius converge to Ganga Talao on foot, wearing white, symbol of purity. Some carry 'kanwars', colourfully decorated altars. Kanwars have highly varied in size and shape over the past few years, some even being fitted with wheels as being too heavy to carry by hand.

Once at Ganga Talao, pilgrims fulfil prayers and collect some water from the Holy lake. They then return home, still on foot, and pour the collected water onto their respective kovil's (Hindu temple) 'Shivalingam', a sacred stone representing Lord Shiva.

Volunteers serve refreshments and food along the way to pilgrims around the clock.

Technical Details

Release date: 20 February 1998
Stamps: Re1 - Mangrove (Rhizophora mucronata)
             Rs4 - Fern Tree (1994 reprint)
             From the Protection of the Environment Definitive Issue of 1989/1990

Tuesday, August 23, 2016

200 Years of the National Archives (1815-2015)

To mark the bicentenary of the National Archives, the Mauritius Post released on December 7, 2015 a Rs 10 stamp.

The National Archives of Mauritius is a public body operating under of the aegis of the Ministry of Arts and Culture. Although it has its origins from the early settlement in the island dating back to 1721 when the first French settlers came to Mauritius, then Isle de France, its official operation as an institution was proclaimed in 1815 during the British rule of the island.

The National Archives, besides being the main repository for housing records of national significance, is the guardian of such records and guarantees their authenticity. Its principal functions are to select, preserve and make accessible public records as reliable sources of evidence for historical, legal, financial, administrative, cultural, genealogical and other purposes. Users of these documents, at both national and international levels, include students, genealogists, individuals, historians, economists, scientists, researchers, journalists, notaries, tourists, organisations, government officials, other professionals and the public in general.


The holdings of the National Archives can be traced as far back as the beginning of Dutch settlement in the island in 1598, and now amount to more than 150,000 volumes in both manuscript and printed formats.

The national collection includes records of French and British administrations of the island, notarial deeds dating back to 1724, copies of maps and plans, stamps, currency notes and coins, minutes of proceedings of municipalities and district councils, lithographs, portraits, photographs, seals and private papers, civil status and census reports and reference library materials.

Technical services

The Reprographic Section provides photocopy services and carries out scanning of records kept in the custody of the National Archives.


The National Archives has digitised part of its collections which date back to the 18th century, in order to make them accessible to its users via the internet. The online collection can be consulted on the following address:


The National Archives Research and Publication Fund finances the publication of research works of archival value produced by the Research Unit of the National Archives and manuscripts of private individuals who have made extensive research in the public archives kept at the National Archives. To date the Fund has financed the printing of seventeen publications.

Memory of World Register UNESCO

The records of the French occupation of Mauritius were among the first set of records recommended for inclusion in the Memory of World Register in 1997 by UNESCO. These records form part of the key holdings of the National Archives collections. They document the French Colonial Administration on the island. The collections of records pertaining to Indian Immigration and slavery have also been extensively used in the preparation of the dossiers for the successful inscription and recognition of the Aapravasi Ghat and Le Morne sites on the Memory of World Register of UNESCO in 2006 and 2008 respectively. They are now known as World Heritage Sites.

Source: FDC insert

Technical details

Date of issue: 7 December 2015
Illustration: Rs10 - The National Archives
Graphic works: Graphic Unit (The Mauritius Post)
Size:  29.94 x 44.45 mm
Printer:Lowe-Martin (Canada)
Process: Lithography
Number per sheet: 50 stamps set on two panes of 25 separated by gutter
Watermark: w18 - CASCO
Perforation: 14 x 2 cm

Saturday, August 20, 2016

1st Anniversary of the Inscription of the Sega Tipik on the UNESCO Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

To mark the first anniversary of the inscription of the Traditional Mauritian Sega on the UNESCO Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity, the National Heritage Fund in collaboration with the Mauritius Post issued  a Special Commemorative Cover on 27 November 2015.


Born within the Creole community, sega tipik is a musical and dance expression that serves as a symbol of Mauritian identity. Mauritian sega is a unique performing art encompassing music, song and dance.

The traditional sega arose in the 18th century when African cultures converged in the context of slavery, providing enslaved people of Mauritius a measure of freedom and self-expression. After the abolition of slavery in 1835, sega tipik continued in Mauritian coastal areas where many former slaves moved to.

Main characterisitics

Some main elements characterising sega tipik include the dance, the music, the lyrics, but also the instruments, the context and the language.

The ensemble of the three traditional instruments: ravann (a frame drum), maravann (a rattle), triyang (the triangle), is the basis of the sega tipik.

Triyang (the triangle)

Lyrics are sometimes improvised by a soloist in Mauritian Creole language. Themes include suffering, daily life or stories. Dance is performed by couples or one woman dancing with several partners in a circle formed by the musicians and the audience.


The context of the performance including generally the fire used to heat the ravann is also one of the elements forming integral part of the sega tipik. It was performed in various contexts and consequently there are various forms of traditional sega according to the context and occasion of performance.

The sega performance is an occasion to meet, share and socialise, creating a sense of community belonging, a means of social regulation and allowing social cohesion around a shared cultural practice.

UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

Today, the "sega tipik morisien" is considered the de facto national dance and music of Mauritius. It is a symbol national identity and breaks cultural and class barriers, creating opportunities for intercultural encounters and unifying various groups around a shared Mauritian Heritage.

As of 27 November 2014, sega tipik morisien has been inscribed on the UNESCO Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.

Interestingly, sega is present in different variations all across south east Indian Ocean where slavery was in practice: sega tambour from Rodrigues, maloya from Reunion.

Ti frère who features on the Rs5 stamp on the Special Cover is a very famous Mauritian performer of sega tipik. His most famous songs include Papitou, Anita and Roseda. Other popular artists include late Michel Legris, Fanfan, Serge Lebrasse, Roger and Marie Josée Clency, Nancy Dérougère among others.

Text is adapted from the insert.

This Special Cover is available for free at the National Heritage Fund Office, 4th Floor, Fon Sing Building, 12 Edith Cavell Street, Port Louis 11302.

Technical Details

Release date: 27 November 2015
Stamp: Rs5 - Alphonse Ravaton, Ti Frère (1900-1992)
            From the Famous Mauritians issue of 13 December 2000

Short video of Ti frère performing Papitou:

Nancy Dérougère performing Diva Sega:

Video on sega tambour from Rodrigues: (as from 7:09)

Video on maloya from Reunion:

Thursday, August 18, 2016

300th Anniversary of the French Landing in Mauritius/ 300e anniversaire de l'arrivée des Français à l'Ile Maurice (1715-2015)

The Mauritius Post released jointly with La Poste a Rs 17 and a 0,76  on 25 September 2015 to mark the 300th anniversary of the French landing in Mauritius.

Official FDC from Mauritius posted to the UK

Acting on  behalf of the East India Company which was already occupying Bourbon Island - today Réunion - Guillaume Dufresne D'Arsel, a sailor from Saint Malo, landed in Mauritius on board the ship "Le Chasseur" ("The Hunter") on 27 August 1715. The Dutch had previously left the island in 1710 having ruled over it since 1598.

After having ensured that the island was not inhabited, he took possession thereof on behalf of the King of France on 20 September 1715 and renamed it Isle de France. The first settlers arrived from Bourbon Island in December 1721 and from France in April 1722.

Le Chasseur entering the Baie des Moluques with Tropicbirds flying around it.
A historic map of Mauritius is watermarked on the top left.

The harsh climate and the low population made initial development an arduous task. However from 1735 onwards, the new governor, Bertrand François Mahé de La Bourdonnais, encouraged immigration including skilled labour and undertook a construction programme to set up the colony on solid foundations: roads, aqueducts, brickyards, sugar cane and cassava fields. This programme made life easier for the settlers.

The capital Port Louis, became a supply harbour for the French navy, and played a major part in the economic activity of the country, which well-known privateers - such as Surcouf - made famous. France ruled over Mauritius until 1810 and then gave up its rights to England who colonised the island until its independence in 1968.

Today, French presence in Mauritius takes mostly the form of the French language, taught at school and spoken fairly fluently by a good portion of the population, but also Mauritian Creole, a language derived from French and the mother tongue of the majority of Mauritians. Mauritian Creole is the cement that brings together the Mauritian people of diverse origins, yet of converging futures.

Illustrated scenery of Port Louis entrance during the 1715 period

Postcard published by the Mauritius Post showing the entrance of Port Louis
back when the French landed in Mauritius. Illustration is by Julian Hume.

The illustration on the First Day Cover and on the postcard issued by the Mauritius Post depicts the most probable environment which Guillaume Dufresne D'Arsel met with when he landed with his crew through the "Baie des Moluques".

The mountains of the Moka Range surrounding Port Louis were once heavily forested, with trees growing from the summits right down to the shoreline. The forest was dominated by palms, especially the Hurricane palm (Dictyosperma album) and the Blue Latan palm (Latania loddigesii); by Vacoas (Pandanus sp.); and by ebony (Diospyros sp.)

The coastal waterways in which Dugongs (Dugong dugon) were once extremely common, were intersected with small forest-covered islets. The Dodo (Raphus cucullatus) , Mauritian sheldgoose (Alophen mauritiana), Echo Parakeet (Psittacula eques echo), Mauritian Giant Tortoises (Cylindraspis sp.), and a range of other endemic Mauritian animals all occurred in forests and on the coast where present-day Port Louis now stands. By the time of the French landing in 1715, the forests surrounding Port Louis were still comparatively intact, but the Dodo was extinct, and the goose, dugong and tortoises almost so.

Source: FDC insert

300e anniversaire du débarquement des Français à l'Ile Maurice (1715-2015)

Unofficial FDC from France to Mauritius (La Poste do not issue official FDCs).
Thank you very much Roland, and Eric without whom this would not have been possibl.e

Mandaté par la Compagnie Française des Indes Orientales, qui colonisait déjà l'Ile Bourbon - aujourd'hui La Réunion - Guillaume Dufresne D'Arsel, un marin français originaire de Saint Malo, débarqua à l'Ile Maurice à bord du navire "Le Chasseur" le 27 août 1715. Les Hollandais avaient préalablement déserté l'île en 1710 après y avoir régné depuis 1598.

Après s'être assuré que l'île était déserte, il en prit possession le 20 septembre 1715 au nom du Roi de France at la renomma Isle de France. Les premiers colons arrivèrent en décembre 1721 de l'Ile Bourbon et en avril 1722 de la France.

Le climat et la très faible population rendirent l'implantation initiale très difficile mais, à partir de 1735, le nouveau gouverneur, Bertrand François Mahé de La Bourdonnais, encouragea l'immigration y compris celle de la main d'oeuvre qualifiée et entreprit un programme de construction qui établit enfin la colonie sur des bases solides: routes, aqueducs, moulins, briqueteries, champs de canne à sucre et de manioc. Ces développements favorisèrent l'arrivée des colons.

Port Louis, la capitale, devint un port de ravitaillement de la marine française et fournit à la communauté l'essentiel de son activité que des grands noms, comme celui du corsaire Surcouf, rendront célèbre. La France occupa l'île jusqu'en 1810, année à laquelle elle cèdera ses droits à l'Angleterre qui l'administrera jusqu'à son indépendance en 1968.

Aujourd'hui la présence française à l'Ile Maurice se fait toujours sentir à travers la langue française, enseignée à l'école et parlée assez couramment par une bonne partie de la population, mais aussi à travers le créole mauricien, langue dérivée du français et langue maternelle de la majorité des Mauriciens. Le créole mauricien est le ciment qui unit la population mauricienne, d'origines diverses mais d'avenirs convergents.

Source: encart du pli premier jour

Paysage illustré de l'entrée de Port Louis pendant la période 1715.


L'illustration sur le pli premier jour montre le milieu le plus probable que Guillaume Dufresne D'Arsel a croisé quand il mit pied à terre avec son équipage dans la Baie des Moluques.

Les montagnes de la chaîne de Moka entourant Port Louis étaient autrefois densément boisés, avec des arbres poussant du sommet jusqu'au rivage. La forêt était dominé par les palmiers, notamment le Palmier Ouragan (Dictyosperma album) et le Latanier bleu (Latania loddigesii) endémique de l'Ile Maurice, mais aussi par le Vacoas (Pandanus sp.) et le Bois d'Ebène (Diospyros sp.)

Les cours d'eau dans lesquels les dugongs (Dugong dugon) étaient autrefois très communs, croisaient des îlots couverts de forêts. Le Dodo (Raphus cucullatus), l'Oie de l'Ile Maurice (Alopochen mauritiana), la Grosse Cateau Verte (Psittacula eques echo), des Tortues Géantes de l'Ile Maurice (Cylindraspis sp.) and une variété d'autres espèces endémiques de l'Ile Maurice vivaient dans les forêts et sur la côte où Port Louis se trouve actuellement.

Lorsque les Français débarquèrent en 1715, les forêts entourant Port Louis étaient relativement vierges, mais le Dodo avait déjà disparu, et l'oie, le dugong et les tortues pratiquement.

Special Souvenir Cover released by the Mauritius Post featuring both stamps.

Technical details/ Détails techniques:

Date of issue/ Date d'émission: 25 September 2015/ 25 septembre 2015

Illustration/ Illustration: Rs17 - Le Chasseur entering the Baie des Moluques with Tropicbirds flying around it. A historic map of Mauritius is watermarked on the top right./ Le Chasseur entrant dans la Baie aux Moluques avec des phaétons, ou paille-en-queue, volant autour. Une carte historique de l'Ile Maurice est en filigrane en haut à droite.

Stamp design/ Illustration du timbre: Franck Bonnet (France)

FDC illustration/ Illustration du pli premier jour: Julian Hume (England/ Angleterre)

Size/ Dimensions:  30 x 40.85 mm

Printer/ Imprimeur: Phil@poste (France)

Process/ Procédé: Offset/ Presse offset

Number per sheet/ Nombre par feuille: 50 stamps set in two panes of 25 separated by gutter/ 50 timbres sur deux feuillets de 25 séparés par une vignette

Watermark/ Filigrane: none/ aucun

Courtesy of/ Fourni par: The Mauritius Post, La Poste

Pictures of the Tricentennial Monument unveiled on Sunday 20 September 2015/ Photos du monument commémoratif du tricentennaire dévoilé le dimanche 20 septembre 2015:

The monument is found in front of the Blue Penny Museum, at the Caudan Waterfront, Port Louis
Le monument se trouve en face du Blue Penny Museum, au Caudan Waterfront à Port Louis.

Some interesting links in French on this tricentennial:

Marc Hein. Il y a 300 ans – début de la colonisation française (, 28 August 2014)

Jean-Claude Montocchio. 300e anniversaire de l'arrivée des Français à Maurice (, 27 September 2015, published in Week-End) - this article focuses on the stamps themselves, very interesting points made from a philatelic and a historic perspectives.

Very interesting video by l'

Facebook page related to this milestone: Maurice - France: un destin lié depuis 300 ans

Tuesday, August 16, 2016

2nd Closure of Octopus Fishing in Mauritius

On 15 August 2016, octopus fishing was officially closed in Mauritius till 15 October 2016. In 2015, octopus fishing was closed from 10 August till 10 October from Le Morne to Souillac in the south of Mauritius on a pilot project to trial this programme which is already in place in Rodrigues since 2012.

The 2016 closure is the first one at national level in Mauritius, including Agaléga. 

The main reason behind this measure is the drastic decline in volume of octopus fished every year, from 200 tons in 1990 to 30 tons currently. Octopus is considered a delicacy in Mauritius; it is commonly referred to as ourite, the French names being either pieuvre or poulpe. During the current closure, frozen octopus from Madagascar and Rodrigues will still be available on the market.

The objective of this fishing closure and its timing is to allow female octopuses to lay their eggs and to allow existing specimens to grow up in size.  Bigger octopuses are hence expected in October.

Rodrigues is planning a second closure per year in February 2017 when young octopuses come back to populate lagoons.

The 2015 closure in the south was on a voluntary basis while the 2016 one is an official closure with legal bearing. The National Coast Guard and the Environment Police will be on the lookout to enforce the closure. Contraveners will be subject to a fine not exceeding Rs 50,000.

The Ministry of Fisheries set up this programme with the support of the Indian Ocean Commission (Commission de l'Océan Indien, COI), the GEF Small Grants Programme of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and of several NGOs: Eco Sud and its Lagon Bleu project, Eco Mode, Reef Conservation, and the Mauritius Marine Conservation Society (MMCS).

This Special Commemorative Cover was postmarked on 16 August 2016, 15 July being a public holiday for the Assumption of Virgin Mary, at Pointe aux Sables Post Office. Pointe aux Sables is a small fishing village on the southwestern outskirts of Port Louis.

The stamp used is the Rs 14 Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas) stamp from the omnibus issue with  the islands of the Indian Ocean and France of 9 October 2014. The Green Turtle symbolises the fragile resources that surround Mauritius and its dependencies. It used to be hunted too like the octopus, until its population reached such a critical number that its hunting was prohibited.

N.B.: This is a private issue, not linked in any way to the Mauritius Post, the Ministry of Fisheries, the COI, the UNDP, Eco Sud, Eco Mode, Reef Conservation or the MMCS.

Some links to articles in French about the current closure and octopus fishing closure in general:

Fermeture de la pêche aux ourites: Maurice sur les pas de Rodrigues (L'express, 11.08.2015)

Pêche à l'ourite: deux fermetures prévues cette saison (L'express, 8 July 2016)

Fermeture de la pêche à l'ourite: les pêcheurs déplorent le manque d'accompagnement (Scope Magazine, 28 July 2016)

Environnement: fermeture de la pêche à l'ourite (Le Mauricien, 13 August 2016)

Video by the Mauritius Broadcasting Corporation on the 2016 closure, 16 August 2016:

Monday, August 15, 2016

Commissioning Ceremony of the New Dornier MPCG 4

The Mauritius Post issued a Rs11 stamp on 13 July 2016 to mark the commissioning ceremony of the  new Dornier aircraft of the Maritime Air Squadron of the Mauritius Police Force.

The commissioning ceremony was held at the Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam International Airport, Plaisance, and was attended by the Prime Minister, Sir Aneerood Jugnauth, the Commissioner of Police, Mario Nobin, the Chairperson of the Mauritius Post, Gayetree Usha Brijmohun and the Chief Executive Officer of the Mauritius Post, Giandev Moteea amongst others.

The Maritime Air Squadron (MAS) was commissioned on 17 July 1990 by Sir Veerasamy Ringadoo, the then Governor of Mauritius.

The new Dornier MPCG4 will be the fourth fixed-wing aircraft to join the squadron; the squadron currently runs two other Dorniers and one Defender. The aircraft is state-of-the-art fitted with the latest Maritime Patrol Radar, Forward-Looking Infrared Camera (FLIR), Global Positioning System (GPS), Automatic Identification System (AIS) and communication system. The aircraft offers an outstanding field of view and a comfortable environment which substantially reduces the crew fatigue and workload, thus ensuring that a high-level of vigilance is maintained throughout Economic Exclusive Zone (EEZ) and Search and Rescue (SAR) missions.

The crew that extensively test-flew the aircraft at HAL, Kanpur, India, then ferried it to Mauritius through several countries along the western coast of the Indian Ocean, accumulating a total flying time of 34 hours and a total distance of 6,021 nm (11,150 km).

Besides their Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) and Search and Rescue (SAR) missions, Dornier aircrafts allow an additional communication means via an air link with the Agaléga Post Office, the only provider of postal, financial and banking services to the inhabitants of these outer islands of Mauritius despite remoteness from the mainland. August 2002 for example marked the opening of the Agaléga Post Office and the first dispatch of mail to the islands by air by a Dornier aircraft.

Unofficial FDC postmarked at Monneron Hill PO on the First Day of Issue

Pictures from the Commissioning Ceremony posted by the Mauritius Post on their Facebook page:

Technical details

Date of issue: 13 July 2016
Illustration: Rs11 - New Dornier MPCG 4
Graphic works: Graphic Department (The Mauritius Post Ltd.)
Size:  44.45 x 29.94 mm
Printer: Cartor Security Printing
Process: Lithography
Number per sheet: 50 stamps set in two panes of 25 separated by gutter
Watermark: w18 - CASCO
Perforation: 14 x 2 cm
Courtesy: Maritime Air Squadron

Sunday, August 14, 2016

Freshwater Fauna

The Mauritius Post released on 6 June 2016 a set of four stamps on the theme 'Freshwater Fauna'. The denominations are Re 1, Rs 10, Rs 18 and Rs 32. It is the first time that the Rs 32 denomination is released by the Mauritius Post; Rs 32 corresponds to the current local express mail rate for a letter weighing 20 grams or less (Rs 10 for standard priority delivery and Rs 22 for express delivery)

Re 1 - Giant Mottled Eel (Anguilla marmorata)

Anguilla marmorata has a robust body with a compressed rear part. It has a yellowish to olive or brown, mottled with dark greenish brown back with a lighter colouration belly.

This species can reach up to 2 m in length and is normally active at night, and feeds on prey such as crabs, frogs and fish. Eel is a highly commercial food fish and various life stages, ranging from juvenile to adult, are harvested and traded on a global scale for consumption, with current demand predominantly driven by East Asian markets, in particular Japan and mainland China.

The giant mottled eel is native to the Indo-Pacific region. This species is native to Mauritius and can also be found in Madagascar, Réunion and the Seychelles. It commonly dwells in rivers and lakes, including artificial ones, and reservoirs, and is found under crevices or hides under rocks.

Adult eels normally migrate to deep water in the sea where they breed and die. If they fail to find a way to the sea, eels can grow very big within the lake reservoir.

According to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), it is considered Least Concern at present as there is no evidence for population decline. In Mauritius however, eels are now declining in number due to over-exploitation, reclamation of wetlands and marshy areas as well as pollution.

References: Wildlife of Mauritius, IUCN List of Threatened Species, La Vanille Nature Park

Rs 10 - Water Scorpion (Laccotrephes annulipes)

A species commonly found in streams, ponds, basins, etc, where it has been observed to prey on mosquito larvae and other aquatic animals. They are commonly called water scorpions due to their resemblance to scorpions.

They live in shallow, muddy water. They swim slowly, often crawling on objects in the water. They come to the surface for air and often hide under stones near water. They can reach about 6 cm in length but about half is the siphon.

Regarding vulnerability status - not known. It has been recorded all over the island of Mauritius in the past, but it seems to be difficult to find now.

Reference: Dr. Seelavam Ganesham, Mauritius Sugar Industry Research Institute (MSIRI)

Rs 18 - Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)

The Nile tilapia is native to Africa and the Middle East. It has a distinctive regular, vertical stripes extending as far down the body as the bottom edge of the caudal fin, with variable coloration. Adults reach up to 50-60 cm in length and up to 4 kg. It lives for up to nine years.

The Nile tilapia tolerates brackish water and prefers warm temperature. It is an omnivore, feeding on plankton as well as on higher plants.

This fish is currently one of the most important species in the aquaculture industry across the world. It is mainly due to its good flesh quality, disease resistance and high growth performance, acceptance to a wide range of feed and adaptability to the different methods of culture.

This species also feeds on mosquito larvae and is thus beneficial in the control of mosquito population.

In Mauritius, Oreochromis spp. was first introduced in the 1950s and was commonly found in water bodies such as rivers and reservoirs, mainly in Mare aux Vacoas and Mare Longue. Besides the Oreochromis niloticus normal colour, a Red Tilapia hybrid locally known as "berri rouge" also exists in Mauritius, which is a hybrid of three species of Oreochromis spp., introduced from Malaysia in 1990.

Seed production is being undertaken at the Albion Fisheries Research Centre (AFRC) under the aegis of the Ministry of Ocean Economic, Marine Resources, Fisheries, Shipping and Outer Islands to produce quality fingerlings to service fish farmers.

Fry are collected from broodstock ponds and cultured in tanks until they become fingerlings. Presently, the main investor in the culture of Oreochromis spp. is the private sector supported by the AFRC for hatcheries facilities.

References: Albion Fisheries Research Centre (AFRC), Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) Fishery Statistics (2006), La Vanille Nature Park, the University of Mauritius

Rs 32 - Freshwater Shrimp (Macrobrachium lar)

Commonly known as camaron, Macrobrachium lar can reach 8-10 cm in length. This large prawn has dark red-violet scales and long pincers and the female is smaller than the male. The eggs are carried by the female to brackish waters of estuaries where the juveniles will hatch and grow.

The young ones then migrate back upstream.

This prawn is found in well-oxygenated rivers throughout the Indo-Pacific region, usually hiding underneath stones. It is native to Mauritius.

According to the IUCN it is least concern. In Mauritius, freshwater shrimp is now rare due to overfishing and pollution.

Macrobrachium lar is considered a delicacy in Mauritius. It has never been intensively farmed but juveniles migrating upstream are captured and used to stock ponds.

In the 19th century, when the native orchid plant Cryptopus elatus was common along river banks, its roots were used to make a noose to capture river prawns, hence the name "liane camaron" given to that species of orchid.

Reference: Mr. Owen Griffiths, Managing Director, Bioculture Group

Technical details

Date of issue: 6 June 2016
Illustrations: Re 1 - Giant Mottled Eel (Anguilla marmorata)
                     Rs 10 - Water Scorpion (Laccotrephes annulipes)
                     Rs 18 - Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)
                     Rs 32 - Freshwater Shrimp (Macrobrachium lar)
Graphic works: Graphic Department (The Mauritius Post Ltd.)
Size:  44.45 x 29.94 mm
Printer: BDT International Security Printing Ltd., Dublin
Process: Lithography
Number per sheet: 50 stamps set in two panes of 25 separated by gutter
Watermark: w18 - CASCO
Perforation: 14 x 2 cm 

Saturday, August 13, 2016

May 2016 Reprints of the 2009 "Indigenous Flowers of Mauritius" Definitive Issue

On 24 and 31 May 2016, the Mauritius Post released new reprints of the Rs 8 and Rs 25 denominations and of the Rs 3 denomination respectively of the 9 April 2009 Indigenous Flowers of Mauritius definitive issue.

2009 original prints (left) and 2016 reprints (right) with some slight differences in shades

It is the second recorded reprint of the Rs 8 (Distephanus populifolius) and Rs 25 (Roussea simplex) stamps after the 1 June 2010 reprints (a reprint of the Rs 15 Aphloia theiformis stamp was also issued on that date).

Unofficial Special Souvenir Cover

According to the inserts of the 2009 FDCs, Distephanus populifolius is a rare endemic plant found only on dry exposed mountain tops where it grows on rocky medium.  It bears composite white and yellow flowers and its silvery leaves offer a perfect camouflage with its rocky surroundings.

2009 original print (left) and 2016 reprint (right)

2016 reprint

Roussea simplex on the other hand is a rare endemic shrub now found in few places like Le Pouce, Grand Bassin, Bassin Blanc, Trou aux Cerfs and Combo.  Its orange yellow bell-shaped flowers are conspicuous and attractive.

2009 original issue (left) and 2016 reprint (right)

2016 reprint

It is however the first recorded reprint of the Rs 3 (Myonima obovata) stamp.

Unofficial Special Souvenir Cover

Myonima obovata is a small shrub of mid altitude dry forests, which bears nice clusters of small pinkish white flowers.  The beauty of this plant lies in its juvenile leaves where a mosaic of red, purple and green venation under a thin waxy layer catches one's attention.

2009 original issue (left) and 2016 reprint (right)

2016 reprint

Friday, August 12, 2016

Birth Centenary of Sookdeo Bissoondoyal (1908-2008)

Sookdeo Bissoondoyal was born on 25 December 1908 in Tyack, Rivière des Anguilles in the south of the island. He was a primary school teacher, journalist, prolific writer, parliamentarian, Government Minister and Leader of the Opposition who helped to shape the history of modern Mauritius.

During his long and distinguished life of public service, he struggled for social justice, the right to vote for his fellow citizens, the protection of their civil rights and for poverty alleviation. He founded the Independent Forward Bloc, and was instrumental in the creation of the Jan Andolan (People's Movement) which initiated campaigns in order to fight for the social and political rights of the poor.

"We all know how hard a country has to struggle before it establishes its identity. We know equally that a proper education is an integral part of that struggle." This statement of Sookdeo Bissoondoyal clearly shows that one of the major objectives of his life-long struggle was promoting the education of the Mauritian people. He firmly advocated and fought for free access to education for all children irrespective of their social background.

Between the 1920s and 1970s, he taught more than three generations of Mauritians with some among them eventually playing an important role in the country's history as public and political figures. Furthermore, during the 1940s and 1950s, he initiated campaigns to safeguard and expand the educational opportunities of young Mauritians.

As an influential member of the Legislative Council and later on of the Mauritian Parliament, Sookdeo Bissoondoyal fought hard to secure social welfare programs for the poor and was against corruption and the abuse of power in the civil service.

Sookdeo Bissoondoyal has been closely associated with the following historic government decisions:
1. The move towards the country's independence
2. The implementation of state subsidies for all religions
3. The implementation of old-age pension
4. The creation of an Ombudsman to act as a guardian of public rights
5. Free access to education for young children in primary schools

In 1965, Bissoondoyal attended the London Conference where he helped Sir Seewoosagur Ramgoolam make the case for Mauritian independence. At the same time, he is also credited with coining the term "Parti de l'indépendence" or Independence Party.

During his political career, which lasted almost three decades, Sookdeo Bissoondoyal served as the Minister of Local Government and Cooperative Movement, a Member of Parliament, Leader of the Opposition and as a party leader.

Sookdeo Bissoondoyal passed away on 18 August 1977.

The two stamps affixed on the Special Commemorative Cover are the 40 cents and the Rs16 stamps of the Inland Transport ans Stone Buildings sets respectively. The 40 cents stamp shows the Rivière des Anguilles bridge, located close to the birth place of Sookdeo Bissoondoyal. The Rs 16 stamp depicts the Carnegie Library, Curepipe, symbolising the value the latter gave to education.

The illustration on the cover shows a portrait in medallion of Sookdeo Bissoondoyal as the Minister of Local Government and Cooperative Movement with a background picture of the Sookdeo Bissoondoyal Memorial Museum in Tyack, Rivière des Anguilles.

Source: insert

Technical Details

Release date: 17 December 2008
Stamps: 40cs - Railway Locomotive (from the Inland Transport issue of 15 June 1998)
             Rs 16 - Carnegie Library, Curepipe (from the Stone Buildings issue of 9 October 2005)

Monday, August 8, 2016

United Nations Sustainable Development Goals

The Mauritius Post issued on 9 May 2016 a new Rs 27 postage stamp on the theme of The United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

On 25 September 2015, 193 members of the United Nations General Assembly formally adopted the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, along with a set of bold new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which the UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon hailed as a universal, integrated and transformative vision for a better world.

This agenda, with its 17 SDGs and underpinning 169 targets, emerges from over three years of unprecedented consultations. There is widespread recognition of the need for a more active participation of different stakeholders in the national implementation and monitoring of the SDGs.

This agenda is a call for global action for the people, prosperity and the planet and also calls for peace and justice and for a renewed global partnership to guide development actions in the next 15 years to eradicate poverty and advance human development, while respecting the natural boundaries of our planet.

While the Millenium Development Goals (2000-2015) were devised for developing countries only, the SDGs are universal; countries, rich and poor have committed to leave no one behind and to grow sustainably, within the natural boundaries of our planet.

What are these goals?
1. End poverty in all its forms everywhere

2. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

3. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

4. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all

5. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls

6. Ensure availability and sustainability of water and sanitation for all

7. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

8. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

9.Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation

10. Reduce inequalities within and among countries

11. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable

12. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns

13. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts

14. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

16. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels

17. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development

Technical details

Date of issue: 9 May 2016
Illustration: Rs27 - UN Sustainable Development Goals Emblem
Graphic works: Graphic Department (The Mauritius Post Ltd.)
Size:  44.45 x 29.94 mm
Printer: BDT International Security Printing Ltd., Dublin
Process: Lithography
Number per sheet: 50 stamps set in two panes of 25 separated by gutter
Watermark: w18 - CASCO
Perforation: 14 x 2 cm
Courtesy: UN Office Mauritius & UN Department of Public Information

Thursday, August 4, 2016

35th Anniversary of the Orchid Society of Mauritius (1980-2015)

To mark its 35th anniversary, the Orchid Society of Mauritius issued in collaboration with the Mauritius Post a Special Commemorative Cover on 25 September 2015.

The Orchid Society of Mauritius was founded in 1980 by a small group of orchid enthusiasts. Over the years the membership has increased significantly.

The main goal of the society, as stipulated in its Articles, is to promote orchid culture. Members meet on a monthly basis around a mini orchid display. Talks on various aspects of orchid growing and sharing of personal experiences are common features at these meetings.

Each year in September/ October, the Society holds a major public orchid exhibition. Visitors have the opportunity to not only admire beautiful flowers, but may also acquire plants and learn how to grow them.

The Orchid Society of Mauritius is affiliated to the American Orchid Society since 1983 and benefits, from its generous educational support.

In October 1986, at the request of the Orchid Society, the Mauritius Postal Authorities issued a series of four stamps depicting indigenous orchids (SG733/36).

The Orchid Society of Mauritius believes that the Republic of Mauritius has the potential for the creation of an orchid cut flower industry for both the local and export market. Mauritius has a suitable climate for orchid growing.

The Orchid Society of Mauritius has been instrumental in promoting interest and knowledge in orchid growing in Mauritius. Today many people in Mauritius grow orchids either for pleasure or for commercial purposes. We note that there are professional agricultural farmers who would be keen to diversify their traditional production.

Most of today's leading orchid-exporting countries have witnessed their predominantly hobbyist-oriented activity evolving into a multi-million industry.


Source: SCC Insert

Technical Details

Release date: 25 September 2015
Stamp: Rs10 - Orchid (Oeoniella polystachys)
            From the Fauna & Flora issue of 30 August 2013

Friday, July 15, 2016

Eminent Personalities

The Mauritius Post released on 11 December 2013 a set of two commemorative stamps on the theme 'Eminent Personalities' and portraying Hervé Masson (Rs9) and Professor Alexander de Smith (Rs26).

Official FDC with 11.12.13-14 datestamp from Mesnil Post Office.

Rs9 - Hervé Masson (1919-1990), painter and writer

Hervé Masson was born in Rose Hill, Mauritius in 1919 in a family hailing ancestry from Lorraine, France and which settled in the then Isle de France in 1753.

He was initiated to painting as a child and his brother Loys Masson, later on a writer of international repute, was a great source of inspiration to him.

As a young man he rubbed shoulders with famous contemporary poets, writers and journalists like Raymonde de K/Vern, Malcolm de Chazal, Marcel Cabon and France de la Peyre. He was an omnivorous reader and writer and showed keen interest in esoteric literature.

His debut as a painter met with mitigated success and he left for France in 1949. In France he strived hard to improve his art and had to work as journalist to make both ends meet, but never gave up painting. By 1957, his paintings won appreciation in art galleries both in Paris and in New York.

In the wake of the independence of Mauritius, he thought that he could serve his country in politics. Masson served as advisor in the field of Arts and Culture for the Government of Mauritius.

He afterwards returned to France where resumed his former activities and passed away in 1990.

Rs26 - Alexander de Smith (1922-1974), Professor of Constitutional Law

Stanley Alexander de Smith was an eminent professor of constitutional Law and was commissioned to draft the Mauritius Constitution in the mid-sixties; he is considered as the father of the Constitution of Mauritius.

Born in 1922 in London, de Smith received his Doctorate at the University of London in 1959 where he later on taught constitutional Law in various capacity.

He also served as consultant to various Commonwealth countries in the wake of their independence, namely in Nigeria, Ghana and Malaysia.

Professor de Smith paid several visits to Mauritius as part time constitutional Commissioner and his imprint on our constitutional Law is significant.

He passed away during his stay in Mauritius in 1974 and was buried at Le Réduit Cemetery where Governors and other personalities lie for eternity.

A commemorative plate has also been sealed to his memory at the Pamplemousses Botanical Garden.

Unofficial FDC registered at Phoenix Post Office.

Official FDC signed by Anna and Jane de Smith, Prof. Alexander de Smith's daughters, on 6 July 2016 during their visit to Mauritius.

Source: FDC insert

Technical Details

Date of issue: 11 December 2013
 Rs9 - Hervé Masson 
 Rs26 - Prof. Alexander de Smith
Graphic works: Neshvin Ramsawmy
Size:  29.94 x 44.45 mm
Printer: BDT International Printing Ltd., Dublin, Ireland
Process: Lithography
Number per sheet: 50 stamps set in two panes of 25 separated by a gutter
Perforation: 14 x 2 cm
Watermark: w18 - CASCO
Courtesy: Brigitte Masson for photo of Hervé Masson