Friday, January 21, 2011

Mahatma Gandhi & Mother Teresa from India

Thanks to Niraj who, with this cover, allows me to talk about Mahatma Gandhi  (Re1) and Mother Theresa (Rs20), two prominent figures of the last century.

Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (2 October 1869 - 30 January 1948) was the pre-eminent political and ideological leader of India during the Indian independence movement.  He pioneered the resistance to tyranny through mass civil disobedience, a philosophy firmly based on total nonviolence.  This concept  helped India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world.

Mother Teresa (26 August 1910 -5 September 1997), born Agnes Gonhxa Bojaxhiu, was a Catholic nun of Albanian origin and Indian citizenship, who founded the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta in 1950.  For over 45 years, she ministered to the poor, sick, orphans and dying.  She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 and India's highest civilian honour, the Bharat Rhatna, in 1980 for her humanitarian work.  Following her death, she was beatified by the Pope John Paul II and given the title Blessed Teresa of Calcutta.

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